Explore KSACs by Pathway

Explore Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, and Credentials (KSACs) by IT Pathway.

2. Protocols

Label KSAC Description Bloom's Taxonomy Level Cross-Cutting
a Explain the DNS protocol. knowledge 2
b Define DNS Cache. knowledge 2
c Define Root DNS Servers. knowledge 2
d Discuss packet analyzing software (e.g. Wireshark). knowledge 2
e Use tracer tool to explore protocols. skill 1
f Interpret what a router is and how it functions (at the HS level). skill 3
g Apply secure network Protocols (e.g., IPSec, SNMP, SSH, DNS, TLS, SSL, TCP/IP, FTPS, HTTPS, SCP, ICMP). ability 2
h Identify and apply Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4), Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) applications and services (e.g., rlogin, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol [SMTP], Telecommunications Network [Telnet], File Transfer Protocol [FTP], Domain Name System [DNS], Network File System [NFS], Voice over Internet Protocol [VoIP], Internet Control Message Protocol [ICMP]). knowledge 2 Software Development 1n
i Explain the relationship between ports, sockets, IP addresses and network services. knowledge 3
j Compare dynamic and static routing configuration. knowledge 2
k Explain the purpose of basic networking utilities (e.g. Netstat, Tracert, Traceroute, Ping IPConfig, IFConfig). knowledge 2
l Understand different types of firewalls and how they function knowledge 2


  1. CompTIA IT Fundamentals
  2. CompTIA A+
  3. Linux Essentials
  4. Network +
  5. LPIC-1
  6. CompTIA Cloud+
  7. Microsoft Operating System Fundamentals