Explore KSACs by Pathway

Explore Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, and Credentials (KSACs) by IT Pathway.

1. Networking Fundamentals

Label KSAC Description Bloom's Taxonomy Level Cross-Cutting
a Explain DNS traffic. knowledge 2 Cybersecurity 2k
b Understand OSI model and how it applies to an example. knowledge 2
c Identify the layers of the OSI Model. knowledge 2 Cybersecurity 2c
d Summarize the responsibilities of each layer of the OSI Model. knowledge 2 Cybersecurity 2d
e Explain how the OSI Model is applied to Networking. knowledge 3 Cybersecurity 2e
f Configure IPv4 classful subnets. skill 1 Cybersecurity 2f
g Compare public IP addresses and Private IP addresses. knowledge 2 Cybersecurity 2g
h Identify IPv4 address network ID (Class A, Class B, Class C). knowledge 2 Cybersecurity 2h
i Interpret classless network ID (CIDR block notation). knowledge 2 Cybersecurity 2i
j Explain domain naming conventions (UNC path, FQDN, host name). knowledge 3 Cybersecurity 2l
k Compare Network Address Translation and Port Address Translation (NAT vs PAT). knowledge 2 Cybersecurity 2n
l Draw network diagram. skill 3 Cybersecurity 2o
m Analyze the output from networking utilities (e.g. Netstat, Tracert, Traceroute, Ping IPConfig, IFConfig). ability 3 Cybersecurity 2p
n Discuss network software integration (client software (e.g. Windows 10 or Ubuntu) and server software). ability 3 Cybersecurity 2q
o Discuss network hardware integration (workstations, desktop, mobile devices). knowledge 2 Cybersecurity 2r
p Communicate best practices for troubleshooting networking issues (layers 1-2 at HS level) (7-step model). knowledge 3 Cybersecurity 2s


  1. CompTIA IT Fundamentals
  2. CompTIA A+
  3. Linux Essentials
  4. Network +
  5. LPIC-1
  6. CompTIA Cloud+
  7. Microsoft Operating System Fundamentals