Explore KSACs by Pathway

Explore Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, and Credentials (KSACs) by IT Pathway.

3. Operating System

Label KSAC Description Bloom's Taxonomy Level Cross-Cutting
a Ability to install and configure software. ability 3 Cybersecurity 1d, Data Management 1s, Software Development 1h
b Explain the boot process (Boot loader, Kernel). knowledge 2
c Perform software patching (update drivers, security, software). skill 1
d Understand difference between a server vs. client machine. knowledge 2
e Compare operating system characteristics (Windows and Linux). knowledge 3
f Identify and describe basic file types and demonstrate fundamental file management. skill 2 Data Management 1r, Cybersecurity 1g, Software Development 1k
g Apply file management skills in Linux and Microsoft environments (CLI and GUI) (create files, delete files, make directories, remove directories, search text). ability 3
h Explain and compare an absolute path with a relative path (file hierarchy) . knowledge 3
i Navigate a directory structure. ability 3
j Create, modify, organize files in CLI. skill 3
k Utilize system monitoring tools (e.g. task manager, top command). skill 2
l System Administration (Microsoft and Linux) (add users, add groups, configure password policies, modify user environments). ability 3
m Compare authorization vs authentication. knowledge 3
n Explain and compare Cloud Services (IaaS, SaaS, PaaS, XaaS). knowledge 2


  1. CompTIA IT Fundamentals
  2. CompTIA A+
  3. Linux Essentials
  4. Network +
  5. LPIC-1
  6. CompTIA Cloud+
  7. Microsoft Operating System Fundamentals